Mouth Cancer

Mouth cancer is amongst the most common types of cancer in the Indian subcontinent. They are widely attributable to chewing tobacco, smoking and chronic alcoholism. It may be on the surface of the tongue, the inside of the cheeks, the roof of the mouth (palate), the lips or the gums.

Mouth cancer can develop in younger adults. HPV infection is thought to be linked with most mouth cancers that happen in younger people.

How is mouth cancer diagnosed?

  • Physical examination: In physical examination, the doctor checks the area of the lips, head, and nose. If the doctor finds symptoms related to mouth cancer then he recommends further checkups.
  • Biopsy: In a biopsy, a small tissue is taken for a checkup. It gives a definite result of the diagnosis. X-rays: It is done to get a picture of the abnormal conditions inside our body.
  • What are the treatments for mouth cancer?

    There are three main treatment options for mouth cancer:

    1. Surgery- Surgery is to remove the cancerous cells, along with a tiny bit of the surrounding normal tissue or cells to ensure the cancer is completely removed.

    2. Radiotherapy – Here beams of radiation are directed at the cancerous cells.

    3. Chemotherapy – Here powerful medicines are used to kill cancerous cells.

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